Childhood obesity highly increases the risk of obesity during life. That is why it is important in early childhood and development to maintain and teach good eating and exercise habits for children to take the knowledge and use later in life. In adults, abdominal obesity is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome. In the 2007-2009 CHMS (Chronic Health Measures Survey), 21% of men 20-39 years old, 38% 40-59 years old and 52% 50-69 years old had a waist circumference showing a higher health risk. The percentages was even higher for women; 31% of women 20-39 years old, 46% of 40-59 years old and 65% 60-69 years old. Youth aged 15-19 years, 15% of males and 28% of females had a waist circumference showing increased or high risk. These percentages of people are at higher risk to chronic illnesses.
An analysis has been conducted from the years 2000 – 2008 to see the changes of the economic burden of obesity, which has impacted health care costs and direct costs to the health care system such; hospital care, pharmaceuticals, physician care and institutional care, and indirect costs such as; the value of economic output lost as a result of premature death and long-term disability. This study from the CCHS (Canadian Community Health Survey) and NPHS (National Population Health Survey and the Economic Burden of Illness in Canada focused on eight chronic diseases consistently associated with obesity. From the year 2000 – 2008 the economic burden of obesity in Canada has increased by $735 million from $3.9 billion to $4.6 billion.
The annual cost isn’t directed at obesity alone, it involves all the chronic diseases that are also associated with obesity as well. If childhood obesity gets taken more seriously and prevented, it can make a huge difference in the prevention of chronic illnesses which will impact the annual costs and time consumed in the health care system.
Estimated Annual Direct and Indirect Costs Associated with Obesity ($ billion), Adults Ages 18 and Older, Canada Years 2000-2008